琼中| 益阳| 广平| 东莞| 阳信| 潜山| 涞水| 分宜| 献县| 河津| 邱县| 五台| 凤县| 金坛| 莎车| 武隆| 桑日| 乌达| 章丘| 赤峰| 噶尔| 怀来| 阜平| 望谟| 五常| 吉首| 翁源| 永修| 钦州| 萧县| 肥城| 六合| 襄阳| 博鳌| 开阳| 武城| 蒲城| 宿豫| 夷陵| 台北县| 鄂尔多斯| 兖州| 东乌珠穆沁旗| 彭泽| 六盘水| 荥经| 南安| 玛沁| 丽水| 贺州| 武穴| 泾阳| 都昌| 彭阳| 新化| 凤阳| 德庆| 雷州| 盘县| 巫溪| 上虞| 玉林| 博山| 安仁| 洪雅| 花垣| 长海| 禹州| 腾冲| 六安| 吉隆| 石棉| 丽水| 吐鲁番| 塔河| 垫江| 柳州| 正宁| 苍山| 靖安| 温江| 新都| 阿合奇| 南平| 五营| 衢州| 清河门| 宜君| 措美| 阿荣旗| 安新| 日喀则| 苏州| 濠江| 二连浩特| 奉化| 宿松| 鹤庆| 宜君| 来宾| 琼中| 远安| 岱山| 建德| 罗江| 荔波| 庆安| 武鸣| 普宁| 康保| 恒山| 大渡口| 长丰| 大渡口| 康平| 抚顺县| 德庆| 宜君| 平陆| 吉县| 永登| 额敏| 青州| 大田| 静乐| 台南县| 东丰| 韩城| 黎城| 南皮| 明水| 汝南| 台山| 沙县| 铜陵市| 北票| 突泉| 马鞍山| 南京| 桂阳| 永仁| 彭山| 道县| 襄阳| 靖宇| 兴业| 调兵山| 文水| 北流| 丰镇| 满城| 玉山| 阜阳| 九龙坡| 绥江| 突泉| 西丰| 尤溪| 桐柏| 平鲁| 泸溪| 洪湖| 丹东| 肃宁| 江门| 北宁| 石家庄| 平安| 安福| 红原| 兴仁| 贡觉| 固安| 揭西| 琼山| 八达岭| 富顺| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 本溪满族自治县| 新巴尔虎左旗| 龙胜| 靖宇| 丰润| 长阳| 延长| 上海| 霍林郭勒| 乐东| 广水| 五华| 江都| 延长| 红原| 天峻| 大同区| 疏勒| 八达岭| 澎湖| 瑞昌| 威信| 修水| 高唐| 故城| 茌平| 元氏| 唐河| 肃北| 农安| 湟中| 忠县| 苏尼特左旗| 土默特左旗| 绥化| 井研| 云县| 九寨沟| 安平| 巨鹿| 通辽| 惠州| 四会| 仲巴| 大田| 池州| 馆陶| 虎林| 吉首| 分宜| 崇礼| 政和| 郧县| 特克斯| 泗阳| 闽侯| 桂东| 城阳| 旬阳| 美姑| 蔚县| 建湖| 兴化| 高邮| 綦江| 宝鸡| 科尔沁右翼前旗| 丰顺| 江永| 聂荣| 祥云| 多伦| 高陵| 伊吾| 新邱| 安岳| 岳池| 内丘| 交口| 稷山| 米脂| 内黄| 定结| 孙吴| 琼结|

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2019-08-24 05:47 来源:新浪家居

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  从9时至12时,3小时不间断直播,全程穿插执行知识解答,1100万网友实时观看了一堂生动的执行行动普法公开课。AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)

AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)中国新闻网声明:媒介合作需合法依约规范有序中国新闻网(简称中新网)由国家级、国际性通讯社——中国新闻社(简称中新社)主办。

  FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)这叫前台不动、后台调整。

  VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C,front)andguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitheadforabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)

(完)

  TwoseniorWhiteHouseofficialsonSundayblastedCanadianPrimeMinisterJustinTrudeauoverhisearlierstatementsduringthejustconcludedGroupofSeven(G7)mmunique;however,"insulting"andCanada"willnotbepushedaround.""basedonJustinsfalsestatementsathisnewsconference,,workersandcompanies."SayingTrudeauis"dishonestweak,"healsothreatened"!"Alsoinresponse,LarryKudlow,directoroftheWhiteHousesNationalEconomicCouncil,saidonSundayinaninterviewwithCNNthatTrudeaubetrayedTrumpwith"polarizing"sstatementriskedmakingTrumplookweakbeforehismeetingwithKimJongUn,thetopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)inSingapore."Hereallykindofstabbedusintheback,"hesaid,addingTrump"isnotgoingtoletaCanadianprimeministerpushhimaroundontheeveofthis...heisnotgoingtopermitanyshowofweaknessonthetriptonegotiatewithNorthKorea."SayingTrudeausstatementsare"amateurish"and"sophomoric"only"fordomesticconsumption,"KudlowsaiditwasTrudeausremarksthathadpromptedTrumptopulloutofthejointcommunique.","Kudlowsaid."Don,afterthedealshadbeenmade."TrumpstradeadviserPeterNavarroalsolashedoutonSundayatTrudeausstatements,sayingtheyrepresent"badfaith.""Thereisaspecialplaceinhellfoswhatbad-faithJustinTrudeaudidwiththatstuntpressconference,thatswhatweak,dishonestJustinTrudeaudid,"Navarrotold"FoxNewsSunday."Trump",biggerthings,onhisplateinSingapore....,"sdecisiontowithdrawhissupportforthecommuniquéhasdrawnsharpcriticismfromGermanyonSunday."Inamatterofseconds,youcandestroytrustwith280Twittercharacters,"GermanForeignMinisterHeikoMaassaidwhenaskedaboutTrumpsdecision."WehaveseenthiswiththeclimateagreementortheIrandeal."CanadasForeignMinisterChrystiaFreelandspokeagainsttheUnitedStatesoveritstariffsonsteelandaluminumonFridayduringtheGroupofSeven(G7)summitinCharlevoix,Quebec."Canadawillnotchangeitsmindwhenitcomestotheillegalandabsolutelyunjustifiedapplicationoftariffsonsteelandaluminum,notonlycomingfromCanada,butonthesteelandaluminumsoldbyalltheG7allieswhoareassembledhere,totheUnitedStates,"eration,Freelandsaid:"Weareverycle,,wearepartofthenationaldefensebaseoftheUnitedStates.""CanadahasalreadyraisedcasesattheWTOandatNAFTA,andwewillretaliate,"shesaid."Butwesaythatwithgreatsadness."Lastweek,Canadahit(),aninternationaltradeexpertattheUniversityofBritishColumbiainVancouver,saidFreelandscommentsweremeaningful."IthinksheisoutliningCanadasactualpositionandisoutliningactualstepsthathavebeentakenandarebeingtaken,",theUnitedStates,France,Germany,Italy,JapanandCanada.

  ”广州某机构负责人周贵说。AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)

    《意见》提出,强力构建莱芜市大学生就业创业扶持体系,实行高校毕业生“零门槛”落户。

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C,front)andguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitheadforabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)

  

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复出三年难盈利 “新海鸥”相机无解夕阳困局

随后,通过大数据平台查询,苏A95**1(套牌后)、苏A85**1(套牌后)、苏A35**1三辆车的内、外部细节特征、驾驶人面部特征都是一致的。


来源:北京商报

国产海鸥相机厂一度是亚洲最大的照相机厂,停业十年后,新海鸥在2014年正式启动转型之路,但海鸥相机始终没有达到盈亏平衡。

国产海鸥相机厂一度是亚洲最大的照相机厂,停业十年后,新海鸥在2014年正式启动转型之路,但由于这几年照相机市场经历了断崖式下跌,以及有来自日本的佳能、尼康,市场竞争激烈,海鸥相机始终没有达到盈亏平衡,只能通过裁员来节省开支。未来迎接海鸥相机的是更加艰难的市场环境,转型能否成功还是未知。

海鸥相机

海鸥相机

转型不顺

海鸥相机于2014年复出,据报道,在过去三年,海鸥数码相机每年的销售平均在两三万台左右。上海海鸥数码照相机有限公司董事长曲建涛曾表示,海鸥相机的研发投入是千万元级别的,但直到现在,企业还没有达到盈亏平衡。

“由于受相机市场下滑的影响,现在空旷的海鸥工厂里,工人比以前更少了。销售上不去,养人的成本居高不下,我们从前年底就开始裁员了,相机组装这块裁掉一半多。” 曲建涛说。北京商报记者试图联系海鸥相机,但官网显示的电话一直未能接通。

北京商报记者登录海鸥相机官网发现,海鸥相机目前有4种数码消费类产品,其中,家用型数码相机有6款,林业相机有两款,运动相机和VR智能产品也各有两款。在京东商城,这几款数码相机的价位都不高,大都在1000多元,只有经典款的CM9售价为4999元,价位稍高。

现在的海鸥相机是由过去的老海鸥相机经过产权、人员分割后而来,2009年,深圳的一支数码相机技术研发团队加入到海鸥公司,这支团队集聚光学、图像处理等一批高手,掌握着现代数码相机的核心技术。2011年,上海海鸥数码照相机有限公司在整合具有50余年悠久历史的上海照相机总厂的品牌、研发、制造优质资源基础上全新成立,成为了一家高新技术民营企业。

2014年8月,海鸥相机宣布“归来”,在北京人民大会堂和上海星光摄影器材城同时推出两款高端产品:CK20和CF100。由于产能等原因,这两款产品一度供不应求。此后一年又先后推出CK10和CM9两款产品,CM9是一款外观复古的产品,材质方面选用了镍钛合金钢加高仿真超纤皮革材质,样式方面复刻了海鸥经典的双镜头反光相机;CK10还推出了特别定制服务,每一台相机都可以在顶端雕刻定制内容。然而,供不应求的局面没能持续多久。

“怀旧只能是激发市场的一针兴奋剂,靠怀旧只能赢得对‘海鸥’有感情的一批中老年群体。”市场分析人士说。更重要的是,相机市场这几年发生了不可逆转的下滑颓势。

旧貌换新颜

上世纪60年代初,我国的国防、公安、新闻、医疗、科研、体育领域急需国产的高级单反相机。在工业基础力量相当薄弱的情况下,上海照相机厂在1964年成功研制出我国第一台高级单反相机——上海DF-7型相机。1968年,为适应出口的需要,当时的上海牌照相机正式改用海鸥牌注册商标,寓意“飞向世界”的美好前景。

海鸥相机曾记录了许多辉煌时刻,伴随我国的人造卫星遨游太空,陪同我国第一位女登山队员潘多攀登珠峰,远渡重洋参与南极科学考察。曲建涛说,海鸥最辉煌时拥有6000名员工,年产值10亿元。

但在2004年,海鸥相机整机正式停产,生产销售数字定格在2066万台,曾经风靡一时的海鸥相机从此沉寂。

对此,有分析称,海鸥相机曾经的辉煌与上世纪80年代初期该公司获得全球最大的镧系光学玻璃生产线有紧密关系。但在上世纪80年代中期,光学器件市场突然打开,国际厂商涌入,同时国家不再对稀土材料有地方保护政策。以海鸥相机当时的生产能力,就算是引入国外风险投资也无法与日本厂商竞争,何况在当时引入投资的策略在中国是一个根本不存在的概念。半年后,海鸥相机完败于日本厂商,由于市场的丧失,生产成本进一步受到限制,同时日本和欧洲的光学制造巨鳄以数倍于海鸥相机的价格收购中国的稀土材料,海鸥相机的镧系玻璃生产线停止运行。海鸥相机的“杀手锏”消失以后,市场地位一降再降,这个曾经辉煌一时的光学制造厂商从此一蹶不振。

时任上海海鸥数码照相机有限公司国内营销公司总经理的张正表示,海鸥公司以前是老国企,机构庞大,人员众多,出现了人浮于事的现象,积极性不足,让海鸥相机在技术上没有跟上国际步伐。

产业观察家洪仕斌也指出,当时国产数码相机厂商才刚起步,关键部件和核心技术还牢牢控制在国外厂商手中,情况和当年的彩电业有很大的区别。“很多国产数码相机在价格上能够同国外产品相差悬殊,首要原因就是相机本身技术含量之间的差距。例如国产相机内部的光板元件一般采用的是CMOS,这就使得成本大大降低,而价格较高的进口相机则一般使用CCD元件;而数码相机的外壳,大部分使用的是塑料;重要的成像设备LCD板,质量过硬的国外知名品牌相机在成像时都会比较清晰稳定,而国内低端产品的影像则会显得发虚、发暗;甚至有的国产相机中没有光学变焦,而使用数码变焦”。

夕阳产业

然而,面临窘境的不只是海鸥相机一家,就算是曾经步步紧逼的佳能、尼康等专业相机企业,如今也是日落黄昏。

尼康公布的2017财年三季度财报显示,尼康净利润亏损8.31亿日元,而上年同期盈利还高达187.1亿日元。尼康为扭转颓势已展开全球范围公司架构战略性重组,为此特别减记297.7亿日元作为重组费用。公布财报的同一天,尼康还宣布停售“致金DL系列”高端数码相机。

其实,尼康业绩在2013财年后就开始下滑。2013-2016财年,尼康销售额分别为7512亿日元、6854亿日元、5860亿日元和5204亿日元,营业利润分别为607亿日元、642亿日元、566亿日元和457亿日元。2016年11月,尼康还被曝出将在日本地区裁员1000人。

佳能发布的2016年四季度及全年财报显示,2016年佳能集团营业额达到34014.87亿日元,同比下降10.5%。

对于数码相机产品的销量下滑,业内多数声音将其归罪于智能手机的爆发。有研究报告显示,智能手机销售量在过去几年的增长对数码相机产品销量造成了不小的影响。数码相机的销量在2010年达到顶峰,同时在这一年中,智能手机的销量也迎来爆发式增长。自此之后,数码相机的销量连年下跌,与此对应的则是智能手机的持续高增长局面。

“智能手机拍摄功能完善和体验升级逐渐改变了消费者的消费意识和方式。传统相机市场遭受的冲击日益加大,在智能手机挤压的市场环境下,相机厂商只得寻找新的市场机会,改变发展战略以抵御侵蚀。”产业观察家梁振鹏指出。

洪仕斌也认为,未来的入门市场将完全被手机占领,现时还存活、面向入门用户的紧凑型相机或将不再有生存空间,尤其是海鸥相机这样既不具备高端单反,又容易被手机代替的产品。

面对困境,尼康已经开始做跨界尝试。2015年尼康收购英国视网膜成像诊断仪器生产商Optos,计划将自身的图像处理技术与Optos的产品及技术整合,开发高精度诊断设备。

[责任编辑:高一洋 PT009]

责任编辑:高一洋 PT009

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